Write a short note on Employee, Scheduled Employment and Wages.


Employee means any person who is employed for hire or reward to do any work in a scheduled employment in respect of which minimum rates of wages have been fixed. The work to be done may be skilled or unskilled, manual or clerical. The term employee also includes an out worker to whom any articles or materials are given out by another person to be made up, cleaned, washed, altered, ornamented, finished, repaired, adapted or otherwise processed for sale for the purpose of the trade or business of that other person where the process is to be carried out either in the home of the out worker or in some other premises not under the control and management of that other person.

The term employee also includes an employee declared to be an employee by the appropriate Government. It does not however include any member of the Armed Forces of the Union.

Scheduled Employment: 

It means an employment specified in the Schedule to the Act, or any process or branch of work forming part of such employment.


Wages means all remuneration, capable of being expressed in terms of money, which would be payable to a person employed in respect of his employment or work, done in such employment. The term ‘wages’ includes house rent allowance but it does not include the following:

  • The value of (a) any house accommodation, supply of light, water, medical attendance, or (b) any other amenity or any service excluded by general or special order of the appropriate Government.
  • Any contribution paid by the employer to any Pension Fund or Provident Fund or under any scheme covered under social insurance;
  • Any travelling allowance or the value of any travelling concession;
  • Any sum paid to the person employed to . defray special expenses entailed on him by the nature of his employment; or
  • Any gratuity payable on discharge.
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