Define tourism. Why is tourism called a phenomenon in modern society?

Tourism may be defined as a significant social phenomena, involves a temporary break with normal routine to engage with experiences that contrast with every day life.  In other words we can say that tourism is concerned with pleasure, holidays, travel and going or arriving somewhere. These are the motivations that make people leave their normal place of work and residence for short-term temporary visits to other places.

Tourism, inflict, is a leisure activity because it coexists with its opposite, that is regulated and organised work. This describes that in modern societies work and leisure are organized as separate and regulated areas of social practice. They are located in specific places and periods of time. Tourism involves the movement of people to, and their stay at various destinations. This involves a journey and services like transport, accommodation, catering and viewing etc.

Tourism is directed at places chosen for the anticipation of intense pleasure because such places are different to what we normally encounter. The tourist’s gaze is directed towards a landscape, a town or an event by pointing out those features that separate it from everyday life. Besides, tourism has also become a status symbol in modern society and thought to be necessary to one’s health. Today in developed countries, people devote 40% of their time to travel and tourism.

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