Stages of Tool Making in Human Social Evolution.

Stages of Tool Making in Human Social Evolution.

The old stone age also terms as paleolithic period and was supposed between 5 lakhs fifty thousand years ago. During this age life the man was depending only on hunting fishing and gathering. Generally man used hand axes, cleavers and choppers. Stone tools were used mainly for chopping digging and skinning. The principal tools are varieties of beads, point, borers and scrapers made of fakes. One also find a large number of borers and blade like tools.

Principal tool of this age was microliths, Roughly  chipped hint served a verity of purpose from killing a prey, to removing the skins to digging up roots etc. Some early human beings also learn how to drip off neater flakes by blow with a billet of blood.

The people of new stone age used tools and implements of polished stone. They particularly used stone axes, which have been found in large numbers. This cutting tools was put to various uses by the people from archaeological remain of this period one find a large number of hint arrow heads bone harpoons and bone dart heads Hoe blades, sickles ad hard-mills have also been found in large numbers.

During this periods pottery, method of sniping wool, flax and cotton in threads came into use. This period also provide us appearance of granaries, which often produced in excess of current needs. There is various proofs for the existence of granaries. The neolithic people lived there on lakeside in pits, and probably had hunting and fishing economy.

The neolithic settlers were the earliest forming communities. They broke the ground with stone hoes and digging sticks at ht end of which ring stones weighting one to half a kilograms were fixed. They also used microlithic blades. In neolithic age, one fined a great leap in the lifestyle of human beings. Their village was almost self-sufficient. There are many more tools for hunting than weapons for war in new stone age sites. The new stone age gives rise to division of labor. There was more interaction and exchanges between different settlements and villages.

The plough changes the technique of farming from plot cultivation to large-scale agriculture. While women generally used to hoe plots, it was the man who ploughed field. Evolution of material culture coincided with the evolution of ideas, values and other different social institution. The tool making ability of human beings the power to adapt to nature as well to control the nature. From the neolithic age onwards, man ceased to be a mere hunting and gathering animal. Its now set out to invest in nature through better tools and more advanced scientific knowledge to creating inequalities between men.

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